History of the CleanYourHands Logo




nosocomial infections  An infection is “nosocomial” (NI) when it is acquired in health-care facilities. This is not a complication of the illness or surgery which led to hospitalization but rather a complication related to health care. These NI are part of what we call undesirable occurrences (UO): wounds or unintentional complications caused by care administered to patients. They are the main cause of drug-related accidents. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the rate of NI varies between 3.5% and 16.6% depending on the country. On average, 1 out of 10 patients will be adversely affected, possibly resulting in a serious incapacity or death.

MRSA - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was first noted in 1961 and the first nosocomial outbreak in the United States occurred in 1968 in Boston, MA. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a type of bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics. These antibiotics include methicillin and other more common antibiotics such as oxacillin, penicillin and amoxicillin. Staph infections, including MRSA, occur most frequently among persons in hospitals and healthcare facilities (such as nursing homes and dialysis centers) who have weakened immune systems.  MRSA infections that are acquired by persons who have not been recently (within the past year) hospitalized or had a medical procedure (such as dialysis, surgery, catheters) are know as CA-MRSA infections. CDCMDH

Preventing MRSA - MDH , from the Minnesota Department of Health.  CDC Standard Precautions

Clean your hands frequently with soap and warm water or an alcohol-based hand rub.

Hand Hygiene  Information about washing/cleaning your hands.
Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings  Hand hygiene and environmental control recommendations of the CDC's Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), in collaboration with the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA). Attention: Non-MDH link
Hand Hygiene Guidelines Fact Sheet  CDC hand hygiene and environmental control fact sheet. Attention: Non-MDH link